What Is Laparoscopy?

16.08.2010 | By: S. K.

Laparoscopy is one of the methods for determining the causes of infertility in women. Read more about this method in the article.



Laparoscopy is one of the endoscopic methods on the basis of which the causes of infertility in women can be determined. (Photoxpress)

What is laparoscopy?

Laparoscopy is one of the endoscopic methods on the basis of which the causes of infertility in women can be determined. With the help of an optic system – laparoscope, CO2 and a cold light source, this method enables viewing of the organs of the abdomen and pelvis.

Laparoscopy can be diagnostic or operative. Diagnostic laparoscopy is commonly used for determining the causes of infertility. The procedure helps determining the permeability of the fallopian tubes, as well as assessing the developmental abnormalities of the uterus and scars after recovering from the inflammation of the reproductive organs.

Operative or therapeutic laparoscopy is used primarily for operative procedures, such as sterilisation, an operation for ectopic pregnancy, removal of tumours of the ovary or the uterus, removal of the uterus, and microsurgical procedures on fallopian tubes.

How is laparoscopy done?

The procedure is performed under general anaesthesia. A small incision is made near the navel (belly button) through which the Verres needle is inserted. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is injected through the needle into the abdomen. When a physician assesses that there is enough CO2 in the cavity, an optic instrument and a source of light are inserted through the incision in the navel. In operative laparoscopy, there are also specially adapted instruments inserted, such as scissors, graspers etc.

Possible complications

Laparoscopy should not be performed in women with severe heart and lung diseases, hernia and excessive weight, or women who are pregnant more than 20 weeks. Possible complications in laparoscopy are: the possibility of piercing with instruments  into the hollow organs and damage to larger blood vessels.

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